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Vauxhall Motors is a British car manufacturer owned by General Motors (GM) and headquartered in Luton, United Kingdom.Alexander Wilson founded the company in the Dusian Road, Vauxhall, London in 1857. Originally named Alex Wilson and Company, then Vauxhall Iron Works, the company built pumps and marine engines. In 1903, the company built its first car, a five-horsepower model steered using a tiller, with two forward gears and no reverse gear. This led to a better design which was made available for sale.
To expand, the company moved the majority of its production to Luton in 1905. The company continued to trade under the name Vauxhall Iron Works until 1907, when the modern name of Vauxhall Motors was adopted. The company was characterised by its sporting models, but after World War I the company's designs were more austere.
The Vauxhall emblem features a Griffen (a lion with an eagle's head), from Fulk le Breant's coat of arms (though note that many believed it to be a Wyvern, but a close exaimination of their logos through history showed a bushy tail and thus it must be a Griffen). Mr. le Breant was a mercenary employed by King John in the 13th century; granted nobility status as a reward for his service, and the land he acquired became known as Fulks Hall. Over time, the name of the land changed, first to Foxhall, then Vaux Hall, and eventually just Vauxhall.
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